(1) Islam - background (2) Belief about God 
(3) Islam - basic teachings (4) Islam - Mohammad - the founder 
(5) Islam - history  (6) Islam - the Qur'an - the writings
(7) Islam compared to Christianity (8) Islam - apologetic conclusions

5. Islam (2)

Belief About God, Allah vs. Jehovah

There is only one God, called Allah (“Al Lah” is the Arabic for the divinity, meaning “the One True God.” Allah was also the name of one of the gods worshiped by local pagan religions[5]). Allah's last prophet was Mohammad (pbuh[6]). Mohammad was not a god or divine in any sense, but he was a man, the final prophet, the messenger through whom Allah revealed his will. Muslims revere Mohammad, but they do not worship him. Everything and everyone depends on Allah. All Muslims, whatever their race, belong to one community: the Ummah.

Allah is described in the Qu'ran (Surah 112:1-4) as: "...God, the One and Only; God, the Eternal, Absolute; He begetteth not, nor is He begotten; And there is none like unto Him."
Is Allah the same as the Christian God (Jehovah) as described in the Bible?  There are similarities because both religions are monotheistic and also because (as we will discuss later in this chapter) Islam is, in many ways, an outgrowth of Judaism and Christianity. Apart from the fact that both Allah and Jehovah are the only God recognized by each religion, both Islam and Christianity also recognize God as the Creator of the universe; He is sovereign, omniscient, omnipresent and omnipotent; He has revealed His will and character through prophets, angels, and the written word; He knows the thoughts and deeds of men; and He will judge the wicked. However, there can be no doubt to even the occasional reader of the teachings of Islam and Christianity that both refer to a very different God:[7]

Allah and Jehovah are not descriptions of the same God


Jehovah (God as described in the Bible)



Singular unity

Heavenly Father

Distant, not a father, no children

Loves the lost

Loves not the prodigals” (Surah 6:142,7:31)

Loves the sinners (not the sin)

Loves not those that do wrong” (Surah 3:140)

takes no pleasure in the death of the wicked” (Ezekiel 33:11)

Allah desires to afflict them for some of their sins” (Surahs 5:49, 4:168-169, 7:179, 9:2)

Holy, demands complete perfection

Good deeds must outweigh ones bad deeds

He provided a sinless Savior, who took our sins upon Himself

Sent a messenger Mohammed, who warned of Allah’s impending judgment

Table 32- 1 : Comparing Allah and Jehovah

The above table (table 31-1) points out significant differences between Jehovah and Allah, but by far the most important contrast is the view of sin. God as depicted in the Bible loves the sinner, but hates sin (as He cannot tolerate it because of His holiness); the Qur’an teaches that Allah hates the sinners. This fact alone explains why militant Islam approves the killing of anyone not a Muslim (any infidel). Anyone who is not a Muslim is a sinner. As Allah hates the sinners, killing an infidel is doing the will of Allah.

Death to the infidel

A recent illustration of the belief that it is the will of Allah to kill the infidel, is the controversy that arose on September 12, 2006 when Pope Benedict XVI quoted the following passage: [8]Show me just what Mohammad brought that was new and there you will find things only evil and inhuman, such as his command to spread by the sword the faith he preached.

As a result the whole Islamic world was in uproar as the pope had offended Islam and the prophet Mohammad. Thousands and thousands of people participated in protests around the world with many demanding the pope’s execution. After a few weeks and some vague apologies from the pope the protests faded, but this incident shows once again how death is the obvious penalty for any unbeliever.

Read on about: (3) Islam - basic teachings

[5] Huston Smits, The World Religions (1991), page 225.

[6] Mohammad is so esteemed by Muslims that it is usual to utter the blessing peace be upon him after his name. This is often abbreviated to pbuh.

[7] Dean C. Halverson, The Compact Guide to World Religions (1996), pages 110-111.

[8]The passage originally appeared in 1391 in Dialogue Held with a Certain Persian, the Worthy Mouterizes, in Anakara of Galatia , by Byzantine emperor Manuel II Palaiologos, as an expression on such issues as holy war and forced conversions.


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(1) Islam - background (2) Belief about God 
(3) Islam - basic teachings (4) Islam - Mohammad - the founder 
(5) Islam - history  (6) Islam - the Qur'an - the writings
(7) Islam compared to Christianity (8) Islam - apologetic conclusions

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